PERU GENERAL INFORMATION

Size of Country

Covering a total area of 1,285,220 sq km Peru is the third largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina.

Population

Peru!s population is estimated to be just over 28 million. The population of the capital, Lima, is around 8 million.

Geography

Peru is located on the western Pacific coast of South America and shares borders with Chile (in the south), Bolivia (in the south east), Brazil (in the east), Colombia (in the north east) and Ecuador (in the north).The country has three distinct regions; the wide Andean mountain range, the Amazon Basin and a narrow, desert coastal belt.

The Andean Mountain range runs through the center of Peru from north to south and is home to the ancient Inca capital of Cusco. This region is rich in typical Peruvian wildlife and is also home to Mount Huascaran which, at 6770m, is Peru!s highest mountain.

Crossing east over the Andes, snowy mountains give way to the immense Amazon Basin, much of which still consists of virgin rainforest abundant in an incredible variety of plant, bird and animal life. The dry coastal region is home to many of Peru!s major cities, such as the capital Lima, and the country!s principal highway, the Pan- American.

Climate

Lying below the Equator Peru has Southern Hemisphere seasons, with summer running from December to March and winter from June to September. Being in the tropics seasonal changes are not too marked. Summer sees the most rainfall within the Andes and the Amazon and the most sunshine along the coast. During the winter months, the weather tends to be cooler and drier in the Andes, with a little less rain in the Amazon, and fog along the coast – especially in Lima. Day temperatures along the coast range between 25°C and 35°C during summer, and 12ºC and 18ºC during winter. The Andean region is generally cooler owing to its high altitude, with summer highs of 20°C to 25°C and winter daily temperatures ranging between 18°C and 20°C. The Amazon region experiences hot daily temperatures year round between 30°C and 35°C.